Week to Week Progress of Pregnancy
While the pregnancy is mentioned in months among the public, doctors evaluate the pregnancy process and watch the development of the baby in the womb. The weeks of gestation are calculated starting from the first day of the last menstruation. In fact, fertilization, which is the beginning of pregnancy, occurs approximately 14 days after the last menstrual date. Therefore, the first two weeks of your pregnancy are actually a period when you are not yet pregnant. However, in practice, the last menstrual date is considered to be the date when pregnancy begins, in order to ensure timing is correct and standardization can be achieved. According to this calculation, the total gestation period is approximately 280 days, that is, 40 weeks.
You may not be able to remember the date when you got pregnant. Although you may remember, pregnancy may have occurred a few days later, but you will more easily remember the first day of your last menstrual date. For this reason, the doctors make our calculations according to the first day of your last menstrual period while following your pregnancy.
The medical pregnancy week calculation assumes that ovulation is on the 14th day of the menstrual cycle. In some women, ovulation may be earlier (early ovulation) or later (late ovulation). In such cases, it may be necessary to follow up according to this date by creating a Last Menstrual Date (SAT) according to ultrasonography measurements in later pregnancy weeks.
Although pregnancy is considered using weeks, today, the habit of examining this 9-month period in three equal periods called trimester continues. The word trimester, which means “three months” in Latin, is very useful in evaluating the general development of pregnancy and generally the first trimester (first trimester) baby’s organ development begins and completes and the pregnancy continues in the mother’s second trimester (second trimester). The third trimester (last trimester) is defined as the period when preparation for delivery begins and is completed.
The developments we give below according to pregnancy development weeks are not fixed in every pregnancy and they vary in many sources. There is also no medical consensus on some issues. It would be correct to see them only as a general information. Especially since the weight and height of the babies depend on the parent structure and environmental factors, do not worry when you compare your own developments and have incompatibility. It would be more appropriate to consult your doctor rather than trying to solve your problems by researching yourself. Try to enjoy your pregnancy.
1st Week of Pregnancy
The changes that occur in your body in the first week can be listed as follows. About 20 eggs from a group of egg cells that started to develop in the ovary about 2-3 months ago, grow with a fluid-filled vesicle around them and try to become the largest egg with a chance to fertilize among themselves. With a mechanism triggered from the brain, the largest cyst opens and the egg is thrown into the abdominal cavity. This period, which coincides with the middle of two bleeding, is the period when the chances of conception are highest. In this period, a couple who planned a pregnancy should spare time for them to have an excessive relationship. Couples who are unable to conceive must maintain a similar sexual intercourse regimen without disturbing their mood, since the chances of conceiving during a menstrual period are approximately 20%.
2nd Week of Pregnancy
Egg cell development continues in the ovaries of the expectant mother. Meanwhile, the lining of the uterus has started to thicken. The purpose of this thickening is to ensure that the embryo that will be formed after fertilization occurs is easily held in the uterus. At the end of this week, ovulation takes place.
3rd Week of Pregnancy
Fertilization has occurred and your baby continues to develop and grow without knowing that you are pregnant. By breaking into hundreds of cells, a circuit called blastocyst with a fluid-filled space is experienced. Meanwhile, the inner membrane of your uterus feeds the developing embryo and the first cells of the placenta, which will feed the baby in the future, settle here. The developing baby candidate is now waiting for the necessary nutrients from you.
4th Week of Pregnancy
The new creature, which is formed as a result of the merging of the cells from you and your partner, develops as a person who has a genetic structure that looks similar but has a different genetic structure than you and your partner’s genes.
By the end of this week, you would expect your menstrual bleeding under normal conditions. You have options to find out if you are pregnant when your period is late: measurement of beta HCG hormone in the blood (this hormone is secreted after insertion into the uterus) or pregnancy tests in the urine will tell you the result.
Even if you do not have menstruation at the end of this week, you may feel symptoms as if you are having menstruation. Fatigue, fullness in the breasts, tendency to sleep, low back pain and mood changes can still manifest themselves in this period. You may not feel any change in yourself.
After pregnancy, the cell groups begin to divide the work between them: the cells that will form your baby’s body are pulled aside, the cells that will feed the baby are drawn to another side, and a large space called amniotic space is formed between them. Cells that assume the function of feeding the baby are called trophoblasts. These cells will form the placenta in the future. The trophoblast cells communicate with the nearest mother’s capillaries and the first exchange of substances between the mother and the baby begins.
5th Week of Pregnancy
Your menstruation is late this week and you start to suspect that this delay is due to a pregnancy. Your developing baby in the gestational sac has not yet grown to be imaged. It is difficult to see the structures of pregnancy in the ultrasonography that is examined from the abdomen this week. With vaginal ultrasonography, the gestational sac can usually be seen. During this period, your baby is in the shape of an oval disk with a length of 0.2 – 0.4 millimetres and the organs begin to form. In the baby, the cells are divided into three main sections and form organs. The structure called ectoderm is the brain-spinal cord, all parts of the sensory organs and nervous system, skin, hair, nails, teeth, all open spaces to the outside world (such as mouth, sinuses, corneal layer of the eye) and sweat, breast and tear glands and the glands that secrete to the outside of the body.
The structure called endoderm constitutes the digestive system and its accessories (liver, pancreas, and gallbladder), respiratory system, bladder and thyroid gland.
The structure called mesoderm will form muscles, bones, lymphatic system, spleen, heart and circulatory system, kidneys and reproductive organs. The heart will begin to beat in the middle of this week as one of the first organs to develop in the embryo.
6th Week of Pregnancy
During pregnancy, significant changes occur in the secretion of estrogen and progesterone hormones, and the amount of hormones secreted daily, and even the rate of secretion during the day. The purpose of these changes is to prepare you for pregnancy and birth both physically and spiritually. If you experience emotional fluctuations, you should know that this is due to changes in hormones. As the level of hormones secreted during pregnancy increases, your complaints of nausea may become more evident throughout the day, especially in the morning.
Nausea is one of the most important symptoms that pregnancy hormones are at work and pregnancy is normal, but there are many mothers who have healthy babies and have never experienced nausea. In this period of your pregnancy, other than nausea, symptoms such as frequent urination, fatigue, sleepiness, and headaches may occur. Dizziness is one of the typical symptoms of this period. With the effect of hormones secreted since the early stages of pregnancy, darkening in your nipples and fullness and growth in your breasts, as well as pain may occur. Frequent hunger is also another symptom that occurs due to the effect of increasing hormones. Since your uterus begins to grow and put pressure on your bladder, even a small filling of your bladder can wake up the need to urinate. Therefore, even in this gestational week, your complaints of frequent urination may begin. You should be sensitive to the symptoms of miscarriage from this gestational week. Bleeding and pain are the most important symptoms of miscarriage. Although it does not mean that every bleeding and pain will be low, it is a condition that requires a medical examination regardless of the amount of bleeding during pregnancy. At the beginning of this week, it will take oxygen and nutrients from you to your baby, and the placenta, the circulatory system that will bring the carbon dioxide it receives from your baby back to you, will begin to function. Since your baby develops faster in the back than in the front, your baby has taken the form of an inverted C shape.
7th Week of Pregnancy
At the end of this pregnancy week, the development of your baby, which is 10-12 millimeters tall, begins to accelerate. Umbilical cord, eyes, eyelids, ears, mouth, nasal root and nostrils begin to emerge as drafts. The heart continues to pump blood to all developing organs. Your baby’s arms and legs, knees, elbows, fingers and toes and tiny drafts of the nails have appeared on these fingers. Lips will begin to develop from the end of this week. Your baby is under protection in a fluid called amniotic sac from the earliest periods of pregnancy. This fluid, which is at body temperature, protects it from potentially harmful factors such as blows and temperature changes, and it provides the most suitable environment for the body to develop freely without touching the inner walls of the uterus.
8th Week of Pregnancy
Your baby’s height is about 15 millimetres this week. The first body movements started in the middle of last week. Even your baby can bend his arms from his elbows. Next week the knee joint, wrists and ankles will begin to move. However, you will feel these movements around the 20th week. The formation of your baby’s tongue and lips will be completed by the end of this week. The tooth and palate structure is starting to form at the end of this week. The lens, intestines, pancreas and bronchi are also slowly becoming apparent. The lungs will accelerate its development this week, but the completion of these structures will reach the end of the 34th week. Your baby’s skeleton texture is already ready as a draft. These cartilage bones will begin to ossify in the coming weeks. The formation of the fingers and toes is about to be completed. Your baby has reached twice its size last week and weighs about 2 grams.
9th Week of Pregnancy
The fullness and tenderness in your breasts may have increased a little more during this week of pregnancy. Again, with the effect of increased pregnancy hormones, complaints such as heartburn and indigestion may occur this week. If your complaints are severe or do not respond to the measures you take, you can use some medications according to the doctor’s recommendation. This week, important changes occur in your baby’s facial structure. Lips and eyes continue to develop gradually, and mouth opening and closing movements begin. While the eyes are located next to the face like a fish this week, they are approaching the midline rapidly. While the bowels are in the cord at first, they begin to move towards the space created for them in the abdomen. Your baby is 4 centimetres tall by the end of this week and his weight is exactly 4 grams.
10th Week of Pregnancy
During this week of gestation, your nausea begins to ease. With the effect of pregnancy hormones, some expectant mothers may experience mental symptoms such as irritability, restlessness and malaise. These are temporary symptoms. During pregnancy, blood volume increases by 40-50%. Therefore, veins may begin to become evident in various parts of your body, especially in your rapidly developing breast tissue and your feet exposed to your body weight. One of the most important changes towards the end of this week is that your baby’s kidneys start producing urine. This urine produced is discharged by your baby into the amniotic sac. Your baby swallows this liquid, and the intestines that start working this week absorb it. The fluid that passes from the intestines to the blood and from here to the kidneys is released into the environment once your baby urinates. The continuity of the amniotic fluid, which is very important for the development and protection of your baby, is ensured in this way.
The liver begins to work these days and takes on the task of producing blood. Your baby’s genital organs become more and more evident from this week. The structure, called the genital tubercle (“hill”), looks the same for the baby girl this week, but will begin to differentiate as a clitoris or penis towards the end of next week.
These days, an iris layer is formed, which will determine your baby’s eye colour. The eyelids will also occur at the end of this week, but will remain closed until later pregnancy weeks. This week your baby is 5.5 cm tall. and its weight is 6 grams.
11th Week of Pregnancy
From these weeks onwards, expectant mothers receive an average of 450 grams per week, but depending on your body structure and hereditary factors, this weight gain may differ significantly. As long as you stay away from low-calorie and high-calorie foods throughout the pregnancy, the weight that you think you gain extra is very likely to be a fatty tissue depot. Remember that some expectant mothers tend to hold more water in their bodies. At the end of this week, your baby’s organ development is largely completed. This is the week when your baby develops fastest. Your baby’s sense of smell, taste and touch begins to form. Now your baby can open and close his hands. Kicks that you will feel in the coming weeks become more frequent in these weeks. Although some expectant mothers say that they feel their babies’ movements these weeks, your baby’s muscles are not strong enough to make them feel their movements yet. At the end of this week, your baby is 7 cm tall and its weight is 8 grams.
12th Week of Pregnancy
Your uterus now begins to move upwards from the pelvis (the pelvis is your bone roof where the uterus and other genital organs are located). Thus, the pressure on the bladder disappears and your complaints of frequent urination are relieved. Nausea starts to decrease from this week and the complaint of fatigue also decreases. However, depending on the increase in blood volume in these weeks, your headache complaints may increase. Since some of the headaches during pregnancy may be due to long-term sitting at the computer, visual defects, sinusitis, dental problems, the necessary physician should be consulted in persistent headaches. All organs of the baby are now formed. As of this week, the organs whose structure and functions have been determined begin to grow in volume. Nails appeared on the fingers, and hair and nails begin to grow. Peristaltic digestive movements have started in the intestine. This week, your baby is very active and often makes mouth opening and closing movements. You can even witness her hiccups during ultrasonography.
13rd Week of Pregnancy
During this period, pain may occur in your abdomen and especially in the right groin. These pains are the pain caused by your growing uterus stretching the ligaments that hold the uterus in place. These pains do not last for too long and disappear when the ligaments relax and adapt to pregnancy. If your pain is very severe, you can use various painkillers according to your doctor’s recommendation. His face looks more and more like people, and the eyes that were separated from each other like a bird are approaching the midline. Ears are also very low at the beginning, almost at the level of the lips, while they are slowly returning to their normal position.
According to the posture of the structure called genital tubercle at the ultrasonography (upwards in male babies, parallel to the body in female babies), most doctors are reluctant to provide information until they see the sex clearly. There is a false belief among the public that “doctors can see gender by looking at the bone structure of the baby”. There is no connection between bone structure and gender. Starting this week, your baby’s liver begins producing bile. The insulin hormone, which is responsible for balancing blood sugar, is also being produced in your baby’s pancreas starting this week. Even though their lungs are not filled with air yet, your baby starts to operate the respiratory muscles by making respiratory movements from these weeks. At the end of this week, your baby is 9 cm tall and the weight is 26 grams.
14th Week of Pregnancy
The second trimester (second trimester) is the most comfortable period during your pregnancy. A significant part of the complaints that occurred in the early stages of pregnancy have disappeared and the body has adapted to pregnancy. Your pregnancy hormones have reached their maximum level during this gestational week and will not increase any more. This means that your nausea and tiredness will disappear and you will feel more comfortable. As of this week of gestation, constipation may occur as the general relaxation that occurs in all smooth muscles due to the effect of the hormone progesterone will also decrease the bowel movements. The pressure of your growing uterus on the large intestine can also increase this complaint. You should eat rich foods with fibres. You may notice that the veins in your breasts and abdomen have widened from this gestational week. Your nipples become larger and the colour begins to darken. Your baby will accelerate his breathing exercises starting this week. The eyes and ears continue to develop, and the neck is elongated. The baby’s head moved further and got rid of his fixed position, leaning on his chin. Your baby now moves his hands and feet freely according to his own will. At the end of this week, your baby is 10 cm tall and its weight is 45 grams.
15th Week of Pregnancy
You can now feel your uterus by hand from the outside. When you put your hand on your stomach, you will receive a soft mass like a ball. Here your baby is here. If you are having your first pregnancy, you should wait a few more weeks to feel your baby’s movements. Your baby’s bone and muscle tissue begins to develop a little faster from this week of gestation. His skin is very thin and transparent this week and prominent vascular structures are observed on the skin surface. Silky skin hair, called lanugo, also begins to develop from this week. These hairs exist until the 26th week. At the end of this week, your baby is 12 cm tall and 74 grams in weight.
16th Week of Pregnancy
The total amount of blood in your veins increases throughout the pregnancy by 40-50% compared to before pregnancy. This increase starts at the earliest stages of pregnancy and accelerates in the 16th week. The increased amount of blood can cause symptoms such as nasal congestion and nosebleeds. The legs of babies are longer than their arms this week and they move a lot because they have plenty of places in the uterus. Your baby’s fingernails and toenails become longer as of this pregnancy week. Starting this week, especially expectant mothers can start to feel the movements of their babies. These movements will feel better as the baby’s bones develop and his muscles become stronger. At the end of this week, your baby is 17 cm tall and weighs 110 grams.
17th Week of Pregnancy
Your uterus is about to reach the level of the navel, and you can feel it with your hand. You will probably start gaining weight a little faster as your baby starts to gain weight and develop faster than the previous weeks. The baby’s subcutaneous fat stores begin to increase rapidly from this week of gestation. The baby and placenta are approximately the same size this week. Your baby’s sucking, swallowing, and blink reflexes also occur during these pregnancy weeks. Starting this week, calcium storage in your baby’s bones is accelerated. At the end of this week, your baby is 18 cm tall and 150 grams in weight.
18th Week of Pregnancy
The second trimester is the period in which you will likely encounter the lowest values in your blood pressure for life. This situation, which occurs due to increased blood flow to the baby and a general relaxation of the blood vessels, can cause you various complaints. Dizziness due to low blood pressure during pregnancy, fainting can be considered normal. If these complaints do not occur frequently and do not result in a severe condition such as loss of consciousness, it is not expected to have a negative effect on your pregnancy. Your baby frequently opens and closes his fingers and toes in these weeks. The first stool called meconium in your baby’s intestines begins to form after this week of pregnancy. The development of prostate in male babies begins and completes during this week of pregnancy. If it is your first pregnancy, you will start to feel the baby movements like a butterfly flapping in your belly at the beginning of next week. Movements may not be perceived until the 22nd week, especially in expectant mothers who experience their first pregnancy. Your doctor will show you the movements of the baby on ultrasound.
After the first perception of the movements, the movements will be stronger in parallel with the baby’s growth.
The movement can be in the form of “stretching” of the head or limbs, “spinning” of the body, or “kicking”. The baby moves between 8-40 times per hour, depending on the state of sleep-wake. Those that last only over a second and are strong are felt by the mother. Each baby develops a unique habit of acting from the beginning. “Baby movements decrease” is the change of “baby’s moving habits” by the mother. Baby’s sleep can be as short as 20 minutes, as long as 2 hours, and movements are considerably reduced during this period. However, it should be considered abnormal that a baby who has played quite well before never plays for an hour, and the expectant mother should retreat to a quiet corner and re-evaluate her baby’s movements and consult her doctor if necessary. Especially in the days when the movements begin to be felt, some of the mothers are worried by assuming that their babies’ movements are decreasing. The days when the movements are first felt are the days when the strongest ones can be perceived, and since all movements cannot be felt, the feeling that the baby is not playing may appear in the expectant mother. At the end of this week, your baby is 20 cm tall and the weight is 210 grams
19th Week of Pregnancy
As we discussed earlier, cracks may begin to develop in these areas due to the growth of your abdomen, breast tissue and hips in some expectant mothers. Itching is also common in cracked skin areas. Drying of your skin increases the itching complaint. Your baby’s skin is covered with silky hair called lanugo. As of this week, the article named vernix caseosa has also started to be produced. This substance is white, creamy, and protects your baby’s skin by covering it. At the end of this week, your baby is 22 cm tall and the full weight is 280 grams.
20th Week of Pregnancy
You are about to leave the first half of pregnancy behind. Now your belly has started to grow slowly. You can feel your uterus right at the level of your belly button right now. After that, it will continue to go up about a centimetre every week. Your baby goes through periods of sleep and wakefulness just like a new born baby these weeks. If your baby is a girl, her uterus begins to develop this week. At the end of this week, your baby is 25 cm tall and the weight is 320 grams.
21th Week of Pregnancy
Your baby’s movements started a couple of weeks ago, and from this week, your baby’s frequency of playing and movements will increase. In this process, you may feel anxious at times by feeling your baby “plays less”. What you should know is that baby movements are inconsistent in these weeks. The movements will be more meaningful and more stable as your baby grows and brain tissue develops. Some expectant mothers may have nosebleeds during these weeks or later. Gingival bleeding is also common in these weeks and is due to changes in gingiva during pregnancy. Another condition you may experience from these weeks is inguinal pain. This pain, which you feel as a bilateral groin pain, is actually a tension you hear where the inner face of your leg joins with your bone roof. This tension is nothing more than the stretching of the connective tissue elements, which we call the ligament that connects the muscles and bones in the region, and does not indicate an abnormal situation. Your baby’s heart muscle begins to strengthen and pump blood more strongly from this week. Since your baby’s environment has relatively low oxygen compared to us, the blood needs to circulate faster and the heart muscle has to work more. Therefore, your baby’s heart rate varies between 120-160/minute in the uterus. At the end of this week, your baby is 28 cm tall and its weight is about 400 grams.
22nd Week of Pregnancy
You can now feel your uterus on two fingers of your navel. During pregnancy, your body’s centre of gravity changes constantly, so the waist bones also have some difficulty to adapt to it. You should determine the best posture position that you can easily carry your stomach without removing your hump. The bones that make up your roof are speeding up the preparations for childbirth starting this week. Your baby is about 500 grams. There are now eyelids, but they will use them in more advanced weeks. Although eyebrow hairs have appeared, they are still very thin, you may notice that your baby’s eyebrows are vague when your baby is born. Most babies are like that. Eyebrows usually begin to become apparent from the 6th month of life after birth. In ultrasonography, your doctor can show you your baby’s eyepieces in most cases. At the end of this week, your baby is 29 cm tall and its weight is about 470 grams.
23rd Week of Pregnancy
Since this and your baby’s space is abundant in the coming weeks, you will be able to distinguish different movements such as kicking, punching, and throwing shoulders. You can even follow the movements on your stomach. Each baby develops a unique habit of acting. Some babies move less due to their creation, while others are more active.
Abdominal pain that cannot be attributed to any cause during pregnancy is common. These pains are felt in most cases for a short time and with a stabbed blade, and there are no other abnormal symptoms. These pains are thought to be caused by the stretching of the ligaments that hold the uterus in place as described in one of the previous weeks. The uterus is growing rapidly and the ligaments are stretched by the uterus as they grow more slowly. As with every complaint, it is important to consult your doctor with this complaint. Other causes of pain will be reviewed and the pain will be explained in this way when the problem is not detected. Proportional relationships in your baby’s body are gradually returning to normal, but the head is still slightly larger than the body. Your baby’s middle ear bones are also completing their development at the end of next week and they are starting to transmit sounds to your baby’s hearing centre. At the end of this week, your baby is 31 cm tall and its weight is about 550 grams.
24th Week of Pregnancy
Your baby’s bone and muscle tissue continues to develop rapidly. This means that the movements will become stronger. The calcium you take with food is very important especially from these weeks of gestation. Your baby will never be calcium-free, but the depot in your bones may gradually decrease if you don’t get enough calcium. At the end of this week, your baby is about 32 cm tall. and its weight is about 640 grams.
25th Week of Pregnancy
You can feel throbbing pain in your waist and legs even when your uterus gently presses on the nerves in your waist during the growth process. The spine system is fully shaped by all bones, joints and ligaments. The lung and vascular system continues to develop. The most important event of this week is that your baby’s sense of taste is greatly improved. With the sense of taste, your baby’s milk teeth also develop. The baby’s skin now loses its transparent appearance but is still thinner and more fragile. At the end of this week, your baby is about 33 cm tall and its weight is about 800 grams.
26th Week of Pregnancy
Do not be afraid if you feel sudden contractions and relaxations that appear from time to time in your womb from these weeks. These are painless, menstrual cramps called Braxton-Hicks contractions, and contractions that come at irregular intervals. Your uterus prepares for real labour pains. In most expectant mothers, such contractions begin to become apparent after the 30th week, but in some expectant mothers it may start in these weeks. Braxton-Hicks-style contractions will never affect your daily life. This week, your baby’s lungs began to form rapidly on the one hand, on the one hand, on the one hand, on the one hand, on the one hand, on the one hand, on the other, on the other, the vascular structures. A substance called surfactant, which lays the inside of these air vesicles, was also started to be produced. Surfactant production is very important for the air sacs in the lung to remain swollen without extinguishing. At the end of this week, your baby is about 34 cm tall and its weight is about 820 grams.
27th Week of Pregnancy
As your uterus grows, you can observe your belly button bulging out. This is a temporary condition caused by the relatively weak muscle sheath around your belly button, and in most cases disappears after pregnancy. In the meantime, the line that runs from top to bottom in the middle of your belly may begin to become apparent. This line usually continues thickening down. Although it is not possible to prevent the formation of this line, knowing that it will decrease months after birth may perhaps relieve you. In this week, your baby’s brain tissue continues to develop rapidly and the lungs continue to develop. Your baby will start to open and close eyes from this week. At the end of this week, your baby is about 35 cm tall and its weight is about 950 grams.
28th Week of Pregnancy
In the third trimester, you may not be as comfortable as in the second trimester. Leg cramps, haemorrhoids, varicose veins, itchy skin cracks, lower back pain, swelling of your feet, heartburn, and indigestion are relatively more common in this trimester. Almost all of these symptoms can be treated in a variety of ways. Consult your doctor. Your baby continues to grow rapidly. Her eyebrows and lashes have already formed, her hair continues to grow. The eyes are fully functional. Your baby has started to build fat stores and 2-3% of its weight consists of fat tissue stores. This warehouse, which is called brown fatty tissue due to its colour, assumes important tasks in adjusting your baby’s body temperature after birth. The lungs have gained respiration capacity, but babies born during this gestational week may have breathing problems due to the insufficient substance called surfactant. At the end of this week, your baby is about 36 cm tall and its weight is 1050 grams.
29th Week of Pregnancy
As your gestational week progresses, you may encounter problems that you have never experienced before. Oedema in your fingers may make it harder to punch your hands from these weeks and you may feel numbness in between. If the swelling in the hands and face is excessive, you should definitely consult your doctor.
If you feel contractions and cramps in your legs, you can take a magnesium supplement by consulting your doctor. Another improvement this week is about your baby’s immune system. Until this week, the help of the baby’s own developing defence system has been added to the “body defence” that has been carried out with the help of you. However, although your baby has a relatively developed immune system when it is born, antibodies that specifically pass into it with your milk will protect it from many infections. At the end of this week, your baby is about 38 cm tall and 1300 grams in weight.
30th Week of Pregnancy
Mothers who have heartburn due to acid leakage from the stomach to the esophagus should avoid reaching out immediately after eating. Bagels, donuts, acid drinks, overfilling of the stomach and in some cases everything eaten can cause a burning problem. Keeping the upper part of the body slightly higher than the lower part while lying down can be helpful in preventing gastric acid from escaping into the esophagus. If you cannot resolve your heartburn problem with the precautions you take, you should definitely use the “acid leakage preventive” medicines recommended by your doctor. Silky hairs called lanugo, which appear early on your baby’s skin, are slowly disappearing. Your baby opens and closes the eyelids regularly. The bone marrow is now slowly taking over the blood-making business from the liver. At the end of this week, your baby is about 39 cm tall and 1400 grams in weight.
31st Week of Pregnancy
Your baby has grown quite rapidly in the previous weeks and the growth rate will decrease relatively from this week. Brain tissue continues to develop functional. Surfactant production in the lung will accelerate starting from this pregnancy week
Your baby is especially 30-32. It is more active than other weeks. The most likely reason for this is that amniotic fluid is relatively more in these weeks and the location of the baby is relatively high. Since your baby’s place will decrease gradually as of the 32nd week, the quality of the movements will also change.
Always remember the important link between baby movements and baby health. For this reason, your doctor will first ask you “How are baby movements?” she asks. If you feel a decrease in your baby movements, first go to rest in a quiet room. If you are hungry, eat something. Tell your doctor if you suspect baby movements are actually reduced. At the end of this week, your baby is about 40 cm tall and 1650 grams in weight.
32nd Week of Pregnancy
Since your baby’s head is down, his feet will rest on your ribs, which will create a feeling of pressure within you. To avoid this situation, it would be useful to sit upright. Your internal organs may have migrated somewhat, and this can create minor problems. You may notice that your baby’s movements are getting better this week. As the subcutaneous adipose tissue continues to develop, your baby’s colour begins to turn from red to pink. At the end of this week, your baby is about 41 cm tall and its weight is 1780 grams.
33rd Week of Pregnancy
Fluid retention in body tissues may cause numbness in your fingers during these weeks. The median nerve reaches the fingers through a cavity called carpal tunnel located inside the wrist. The width of this channel is exactly the width of the nerve. When fluid retention in the tissues narrows this channel, a feeling of numbness, burning and electrification may occur in your fingers. This condition, which is completely benign and will disappear after pregnancy, is called as carpal tunnel syndrome when it reaches advanced dimensions and may require treatment. During the two weeks before this gestational week, your baby’s amniotic fluid was highest in quantity. The amount remains relatively constant until birth. Amniotic fluid is a sterile fluid that protects your baby against the external environment. Your baby swallows this liquid, it is absorbed from the lungs and skin and passes into the blood. The lost fluid is completed once your baby urinates. In addition to substances that reflect your baby’s body biochemistry, the fluid also contains substances such as cells spilled from the skin, varnishes and lanugo. As the adipose tissue continues to be stored under the skin, your baby’s colour begins to change from red to pink. The testicles of baby boys have now completely descended from the abdominal cavity to the scrotum, which is their normal location. At the end of this week, your baby is about 42 cm tall and weighs 2000 grams.
34th Week of Pregnancy
Braxton-Hicks contractions (preparative contractions) may become a little more frequent this week. These contractions, unlike real birth pains, are short-lived, irregular and generally do not cause any major discomfort to you. Starting this week, your baby will receive between 20-30 grams per day. At the end of this week, your baby is about 43 cm tall and 2200 grams in weight.
35th Week of Pregnancy
Baby movements are one of the most important findings that show that your baby is healthy. A healthy baby spends his excess energy by moving. These movements are important for the development of your baby’s muscles. Your baby is also prepared for the outside world by strengthening his respiratory muscles with his breathing movements. For various reasons (such as if you have been hungry for a long time, tired, sleepless), your baby can play relatively less at certain times. Each expectant mother should define the movement decline. While moving regularly, an infant whose habits of movement suddenly change does not necessarily have problems, but NST (non-stress testing) may be required for further examination. Even if your baby is born at the end of next week, that is, 36 + 0, it is highly likely to live without any problems. At the end of this week, your baby is about 44 cm tall and 2490 grams in weight.
36th Week of Pregnancy
You may notice that your belly has suddenly come down from this week. The most important consequence of this for you is that you get rid of complaints such as heartburn, shortness of breath and rib pain to a great extent. When you come to these weeks, your insomnia problem may increase. One of the causes of insomnia may be the pressure of the bladder and the need to go to the toilet at frequent intervals due to the baby slowly coming down. Restricting your fluid intake before bedtime can help you with this. This finding, which shows that the baby has entered the birth canal, is also valuable in terms of showing that the birth is approaching, but it is not an exact indicator. Your baby’s fatty tissue is increasing. Even if it is born after the end of this week, the risk of having a problem related to preterm labour is very low. Although a pregnancy is between 37-42 weeks, we doctors do not define babies born as of 36th week as preterm. All the characteristic features of his face are formed. The size of your baby’s cheeks indicates the amount of fat it stores and the absorption muscle strength. Your baby’s skull is completely in shape, but not yet hard. This week, fat retention in the arms and legs begins. All organ systems have completed their development and maturation.
At the end of this week, your baby is about 46 cm tall and 2700 grams in weight.
37th Week of Pregnancy
Your baby is getting 25-30 more grams every day and you may have started to feel more different as its place is getting narrower. Again, these weeks, respiratory movements are also frequent movements to prepare for the outdoor environment. Although the lungs are not filled with air, the purpose of these movements, which are repeated hundreds of times throughout the day, is to strengthen the respiratory muscles.
Currently, your baby is clinically mature enough for childbirth, but has not stopped growth and development. At the end of this week, your baby is about 47 cm tall. and its weight is 2850 grams.
38th Week of Pregnancy
As of this week, since birth pains can start at any time, you should know what the pains are like. The most important feature of real labour is that contractions occur at regular intervals. Previously less frequently but still at regular intervals, labour pains typically occur three times in 10 minutes after a certain stage, and each contraction takes about 50 seconds. Actual labour does not pass contractions at rest. Its severity gradually increases over time. You can easily feel the contractions when you touch your stomach. If your contractions are in a certain order and do not pass at rest, it’s time to go to the hospital. Slightly bloody-slimy discharge, called engagement, consists of the disposal of the protective cap on the cervix. If there are no additional symptoms or complaints, you can continue to wait. Generally, birth starts in the first two days after the engagement. Your baby continues to take about 25-30 grams per day. The first stool called meconium in your baby’s intestines has started to accumulate gradually. This stool is normally removed in the first 24 hours after birth. On the other hand, the urination function continues from the early stages of pregnancy and ensures the continuity of the amniotic fluid. At the end of this week, your baby is about 48 cm tall and its weight is 2950 grams.
39th Week of Pregnancy
In these last days of your pregnancy, you may feel very tired and uncomfortable. From time to time, there may be complaints similar to electric shock on your legs. This is because your baby touches the nerves around the uterus as it moves and settles in the pelvis. The cervix is prepared to open for birth, and the pressure on the bladder increases. The cervix gradually becomes ready for birth. You may feel stronger contractions. Now the baby has started to sleep very often. Weight gain slows down as fat accumulation gradually slows down. Cheeks and suction muscles are fully developed. At the end of this week, your baby is about 49 cm tall and 3200 grams in weight.
40th Week of Pregnancy
The creamy substance called vernix, which covers your baby’s skin, begins to disappear. Similarly, feathers called lanugo were also largely shed. Antibodies that pass through you will help your baby fight infections for at least 6 months after birth. At the end of this week, your baby is about 50 cm tall and 3350 grams in weight.
41st Week of Pregnancy
Although the date of birth has come, the absence of symptoms related to the onset of birth causes stress in the family. In this case, the important thing is whether the real date of birth of the child is determined correctly. Pregnant women after the expected date of birth are monitored for the baby’s heartbeat, and ultrasound evaluation of the baby, placenta and amniotic fluid is performed. If the condition of the baby is evaluated as good, it is followed up periodically. One of the important points that the expectant mother should pay attention to is the baby’s movements. In pregnant women who are monitored in this way, if the birth does not start spontaneously, birth pains are initiated by various methods.